They are harmless, but if you’d like to reduce and clean up your code a bit, you can remove XHTML close tags (” />”) from elements.
We recommend that CSS files larger than 5K have whitespace removed. Search “minify CSS.”
Font files can be very large — commonly 1MB. If your custom font does not compress well, and you do not use it much on your site, you might decide it’s not worth slowing down your page. For example, if you use a bold version of a font in only one place, consider if the cost of loading it is worth it.
Some external services can help with managing font file size sizes, and may possibly serve cached fonts. Two to consider are Google Web Fonts and Typekit.
It is not a good idea to load a custom font to make your logo — it is much more efficient to use a graphic instead. Also, you can’t really control how or if a web font is displayed.
That is, don’t create graphics of text that your users will read.
Images make pages slow; by using them you are adding http requests and files that need to be downloaded. Avoid using graphics for menu list items, for example.
Logos that include text are the exception to this rule because the rendering of a logo needs to be precise for branding. The FrontendTest logo is a graphic, for example.
Google Analytics or some other web analytics software should be included and used. The priority of this item depends on the type of site, but it is essential for most.
PNG image format was created to improve upon and replace GIF images; they compress better in most cases.* Additionally, there are patent issues around using GIFs.
We suggest PNG-8 for non-transparent images, PNG-24 for transparent images, JPEG for photos, and GIF for animated web graphics.
*An image would need to be very small for GIF to be the better choice.